Who Should Draw Michigan’s Political Maps? Voters May Decide [PHOTOS + MAP]

A state elections board certified a petition to change the method of setting the boundaries for Michigan’s congressional and state legislative districts. Right now, the legislature sets the boundaries, not only for its own districts but for U.S. House seats as well.

But Katie Fahey says that needs to change. She leads a group called Voters Not Politicians.

We believe that voters should be choosing who their politicians are instead of politicians choosing who their voters are.”—Katie Fahey, Voters Not Politicians

Right now, in the current redistricting process, you have politicians that are looking out for themselves, working with lobbyists who are picking and choosing who they want their voters to be, when really our democracy is based on our own representation and being able to elect that ourselves,” Fahey says.

Voters Not Politicians

Fahey and her group started a petition drive to create an independent redistricting commission. They gathered more than 400,000 signatures to put the issue on the November ballot. Fahey says the proposal would create a fairer and more transparent method of drawing political boundaries. She says allowing lawmakers to create their own districts makes elections less competitive, and politicians less accountable for things like roads, water, and education.

Those are some really basic things that our government provides,” Fahey says. “And how that relates to redistricting is I think our politicians are not accountable to us because they’re not afraid of being unelected.”

The commission Fahey envisions would have four Democrats, four Republicans, and five independents chosen at random by the Secretary of State. The goal is to have a panel—and a map—that more accurately reflects Michigan’s electorate, which was split almost evenly in 2016. President Trump won the state by less than 11,000 votes. And neither party won a majority of the combined votes cast in U.S. or state House races. Yet Republicans have firm control of Michigan’s congressional delegation and the Legislature. If gerrymandering doesn’t explain that, what does? Republican political consultant Jamie Roe says the answer is geography.

Jamie Roe

Democrats tend to group in certain geographic areas—university towns, big cities, etc,” Roe says. “Republicans are more evenly split across the state. So because we draw our districts based on geography, that is one reason you have those disparities.”

Roe is the co-founder of Grand River Strategies, which works with Republican candidates. He has also worked with the GOP in previous redistricting cycles. Roe says the law requires the legislature to keep communities whole as much as possible when drawing district maps. He also pushes back against critics who use Michigan’s 14th Congressional District as a prime example of “packing and cracking”. That’s when members of one voting bloc are lumped into fewer districts, ensuring the other side wins more seats. The 14th District includes parts of Detroit, the Grosse Pointes, southern Oakland County, and Pontiac. Both the 14th and 13th districts are predominantly African-American. Roe says their boundaries are governed by federal law.

 

The federal Voting Rights Act, when it was passed in 1964, required if you can build majority-minority districts—and in this case, two majority African-American districts, which Detroit has had since the advent of the Voting Rights Act—then you must build two African-American majority districts.”—Jamie Roe.

Graphic by Melissa Mason

Roe says the Voters Not Politicians proposal could mean less African-American representation in Washington and Lansing.

Fahey says that’s not true—it requires adherence to the Voting Rights Act and keeps communities whole as much as possible. She says researchers have drawn thousands of maps that follow federal and state redistricting standards and don’t give one party a lopsided majority in either Capitol. 

The Board of State Canvassers certified the Voters Not Politicians proposal after the Michigan Court of Appeals ruled that it must be on the ballot. Opponents, including the Michigan Chamber of Commerce and a group called Citizens Protecting Michigan’s Constitution, have appealed to the Michigan Supreme Court. Unless justices rule otherwise, the proposal will appear on the November ballot.

MORE FROM WDET AND BRIDGE MAGAZINE:

Voters Not Politicians: The Pros

Voters Not Politicians: The Cons

How “Red” or “Blue” Are Michigan’s Political Maps and Election Results?

BRIDGE: Michigan Justices Backed By Opponents of Redistricting Proposal May Decide Its Fate

Voters Not Politicians Proposal by WDET 101.9 FM on Scribd


Here’s other WDET work on the gerrymandering issue:

Policy Meets the People: Introducing the Issue of Gerrymandering

Talk Show Programming

WATCH HERE: A live one-hour show with an in-studio audience and guests at 8 p.m., Tuesday, June 26. Tune in at 101.9 FM or online at WDET.org. Or join on WDET’s Facebook page where we’ll live stream the show. The show rebroadcasts at 2 p.m. Tuesday, July 3. Listen HERE for WDET 101.9 FM live online.

On DETROIT TODAY: Was Racism Involved in the Drawing of Michigan’s Congressional Districts?

Digital Specials

A Podcast Playlist - Become a Gerrymandering Expert Just By Listening

NPR’s Hidden Brain: Gerrymandering and You

News Coverage

MichMash: Here’s How You Can Influence The Drawing of District Lines in Michigan

Gerrymandering: Why It’s a Technology Issue [TRANSCRIPT]

Redistricting 101: Your District, Your Politicians, But Does Your Vote Matter?

Ohio Offers Its Own Solution to Gerrymandering [MAPS + GRAPHS]

Who Should Draw Michigan’s Political Maps? Voters May Decide [PHOTOS + MAP]

Voters Not Politicians: The Pros [TRANSCRIPT]

Voters Not Politicians: The Cons [TRANSCRIPT]

It’s a Ship….No, it’s a House…Wait, it’s a Congressional District?

Does Michigan Have a District that Looks Like Homer Simpson? You Be the Judge.

Facebook Fun

Redistricting Rorschach Test

Image credit: Eli Newman / WDET

This post is a part of 2018 Elections in Michigan.

 In November, Michigan voters will decide who will be the state's new governor, attorney general and secretary of state. Some state House and Senate seats are up for grabs, and numerous initiatives are expected on ballots.

WDET is committed to providing honest, fair, inclusive coverage of Michigan's 2018 elections. Join us now and all the way to the voting booth to be an informed voter.

 

This post is a part of Policy Meets the People: MI Voice, MI Vote.

The Policy Meets The People – MI Voice, MI Vote series gives metro Detroiters an opportunity to find out how key legislation, laws and policies created in Lansing affect their daily lives.

About the Author

Pat Batcheller

Senior News Editor & WDET Host, Morning Edition

Hi, I’m Pat Batcheller, your host for WDET’s Morning Edition. I bring you the news, weather, traffic, and information to help you start your weekday.

pbatcheller@wdet.org   Follow @patbwdet

Wait a second, there’s more…

Does Michigan Have a District that Looks Like Homer Simpson? You Be the Judge

Policy Meets the People: Introducing the Issue of Gerrymandering

Redistricting 101: Your District, Your Politicians, But Does Your Vote Matter?

NPR's Hidden Brain: Gerrymandering and You

Voters Not Politicians: The Pros [TRANSCRIPT]

Voters Not Politicians: The Cons [TRANSCRIPT]

Become A Gerrymandering Expert Just By Listening [PODCASTS]

What's Next In Michigan's Gerrymandering Debate?

LIVE STREAM: Policy Meets the People - The Redistricting Issue Special [VIDEO]

Ohio Offers Its Own Solution to Gerrymandering [MAPS + GRAPHS]

Michigan IS Gerrymandered, New Study Concludes

Gerrymandering: Why It's a Technology Issue [TRANSCRIPT]

Prepare to Vote: Economic Development and the Candidates for Governor

Prepare to Vote: The Candidates for Governor and Where They Stand on Issues [VIDEO]

Prepare to Vote: Government Transparency and the Candidates for Michigan Governor [VIDEO, TRANSCRIPTS]

Prepare to Vote: Auto Insurance and the Candidates for Michigan Governor [VIDEO, TRANSCRIPTS]

Prepare to Vote: Enbridge Line 5 and the Candidates for Michigan Governor

Kasich, Sanders Stump for Michigan Primary Votes

MichMash: For Governor Candidates, 'Tax' is A Four-Letter Word When Discussing Roads [VIDEO, TRANSCRIPT]

Detroiters: Proposal A...Proposal B...Both or Neither?

Find your voting place and ballot information

NPR News Election Night Coverage

Michigan Political Group Works to End Gerrymandering

Voter Voices on Transit

We want to hear from you.
Share your thoughts and opinions: