Richard Wayne Penneiman, famously known as Little Richard, was born on December 5, 1932 in Macon, Georgia.
Little Richard, widely known as the “Architect of Rock and Roll,” left a lasting impact on the lives of musicians and audiences who were enthralled with his one-of-a-kind sound.
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Little Richard created his sound out of gospel, the blues, and boogie woogie. He introduced rhythms and beats that became the foundation for rock and roll. He used his vocal style to ground his delivery.
Little Richard was also known for his unique and legendary sense of style. Taking notes from Billy Wright, Little Richard also had that same pencil mustache and pomodore hair. That distinct style influenced future music icons such as Michael Jackson and Prince. One of music’s most flamboyant performers, Liberace, also took inspiration from Little Richard’s style. Nevertheless, what really set him was his music, idolized by Otis Redding, James Brown, and Bob Dylan.
Born into a very religious family, Little Richard’s musical passions were met with disapproval. His family considered R&B the devil’s music, and his father found his choices rather distasteful. Little Richard ultimately left home as a teenager due to these irreconcilable differences. Though, Little Richard revealed that one of his earliest singing influences came from the Church, inspired by the sounds of Mahalia Jackson. His gospel music background would play a significant role in Little Richard’s musical and song development.
While battling many initial challenges, Little Richard found his way and signed to RCA Records. Those challenges found him again as a number of his songs were cut, including “Every Hour.” At the time, Little Richard met Esquerita, a gay Black singer and pianist that would eventually influence Little Richard’s onstage persona.
After realizing many of his songs lacked traction, he returned back to his hometown of Macon and formed a new band called the Upsetters. Little Richard sent a demo of their work to Specialty Records at the beginning of 1955. Months later, he was signed. Once again, Little Richard struggled with another round of song disappointment. That disappointment, however, would open the door to the song that changed everything for him: Tutti Frutti.
Tutti Frutti was a smash hit and a defining moment in music history, ultimately launching rock and roll. Singer Pat Boone released a cover of Tutti Frutti that landed a hit and even more traction. Continuing on through the success of his career and sound, Little Richard influenced the Beatles, John Lennon, and Sir Paul McCartney.
A Lasting Legacy
Shattering cultural barriers as a Black artist, Little Richard was one of the ten original inductees into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
He passed away from bone cancer at the age of 87 on May 9, 2020. We will remember Little Richard for his influence, style, and voice that changed the world and music as we know it today.
Haleemah Aqel contributed to this post.